The Frost campus: Name origins and changes

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The Frost campus: Name origins and changes

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While registering for classes in Banner, talking to an old professor or looking at an old map, one may encounter references to the Frost Campus. The name is symbolic for something that the university would like to move on from, and that is why it is less and less referred to as the “Frost Campus,” and now often as the “North Campus.”

The origin of the Frost Campus’ name is intertwined with the stories of the American Civil War. In 1861, the area that currently makes up the engineering school and Busch Student Center was called Lindell’s Grove.

At the time, the wooded area was home to Camp Jackson, a civil war camp named after the newly elected, pro-secession governor. General Daniel M. Frost was a strong proponent of Governor Jackson. Frost lead the Missouri Minutemen, a secessionist para-military organization.

Frost operated overtly as the Missouri Volunteer Militia, despite Missouri’s neutrality policy. Frost also secretly conspired with Governor Jackson to plan an attack on the Federal Arsenal in downtown St. Louis. Two Minutemen sought out artillery, which Confederate President Davis agreed to supply. Union Captain Nathaniel Lyon intercepted the plans and planned an arrest.

On May 10, 1861 the Missouri Volunteer Militia was arrested for receiving a secret shipment of weaponry, artillery and ammunitions from the Confederate government.

The militia was not resistant, however, and local citizens rioted at the news. A total of 28 died as a result. Another 75 were wounded.

The riot sparked the beginning of a conflict that would eventually expel Governor Jackson. After the Camp Jackson incident, Frost was paroled and joined the Confederates in the South as a major general and then as an inspector general. He abruptly left the Confederates and joined his family in Canada, who had been forced out of St. Louis for their Confederate sympathies.

After the war, Frost eventually moved back to St. Louis. He wrote a significant amount about his time in the war, contradictorily suggesting that he had never plotted against the Union but also that he had never abandoned the Confederate army.

In 1867, after the war, the university purchased Lindell’s Grove. In 1962, Harriet Frost Fordyce, daughter of Gen. Frost, donated one million dollars to the university, allowing the university to purchase 22 acres of land east of Grand Boulevard. Per her request, the campus was named in honor of her father. The area that once was home to Camp Jackson was, ironically, included in the new Frost Campus.

Although it has not been officially expressed, the administration quietly changed the name of the Frost Campus in recent years. A professor in the sociology department removed all references to the Frost Campus in his guides and rubrics, but the name came up in conversation nonetheless. Banner still refers to the main campus as Frost Campus in all of its catalog.

It is important to remember that behind every name is a story. It just so happened that the name of Saint Louis University’s main campus came from a stanch Confederate. Thus, the Frost campus is now known as the North campus.